Interpreting the Mechanisms by which Integrins Promote the Differentiation of Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Integrin Application Prospects

Author(s): Liwei Ying, Chenggui Wang, Kesi Shi, Xiaopeng Zhou, Zhe Gong, Jiawei Shu, Jingkai Wang, Kaishun Xia, Shining Xiao, Chao Yu, Wei Yu, Xianpeng Huang, Feng Cheng, Chengzhen Liang*, Fangcai Li*, Qixin Chen*

Journal Name: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Volume 16 , Issue 7 , 2021

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Transmembrane integrin receptors represent a major component of cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) communications that mediate cellular biological activities, including proliferation and differentiation. Stem cells, especially mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), have rapidly emerged as promising therapies for various diseases. Dynamic links exist between extracellular and intracellular environments that profoundly influence the cellular activities via integrin receptors, such as cell morphology transformation and differentiation. Interpreting the roles of integrin receptors in the regulation of MSC differentiation may potentially lead to an amplified therapeutic effect. In this review, we summarize, for the first time, the potential mechanisms by which integrins promote MSC multilineage differentiation, including integrin downstream signaling cascades and the interactions between integrin and ion channels, the cytoskeleton, and nuclear mechanoresponses. Furthermore, we focus on the current state and future prospects of the application of integrins to promote cell differentiation.

Keywords: Integrin, mesenchymal stem cells, differentiation, signalling pathway, multilineage, proliferation.

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Article Details

Year: 2021
Published on: 06 January, 2021
Page: [848 - 857]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1574888X16666210106141124
Price: $65

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