Aims: To establish a rapid and simultaneous determination of multiple effective ingredients in anti-cold drugs.
Background: Anti-cold drugs are stock medicines at home, and most anti-cold formulations are compound preparations.
Although the active ingredients of compound preparations have significant effects on the treatment of colds, the excessive
dosage or long-term use can produce a series of adverse reactions including dependence, liver and kidney function
damage, digestive system reaction, blood system damage. Now, there are many mature methods for analyzing the active
ingredients of anti-cold drugs. However, these methods may have shortcomings such as a long analysis time or a small
number of analysis components.
Objective: Establish a gas chromatography-flame ionization detector method for the simultaneous determination of six
active ingredients including acetaminophen, dextromethorphan hydrobromide, pseudoephedrine hydrochloride,
chlorpheniramine maleate, diphenhydramine hydrochloride, and caffeine in anti-cold drugs.
Method: After the standard was accurately weighed, dissolved in ethanol, filtered by 0.22 μm membrane and
ultrasonically degassed, the gas chromatograph was used for detection. After the actual sample was removed from the
coating, ground and crushed, accurately weighed, dissolved in ethanol, filtered by 0.22 μm membrane and ultrasonically
degassed, the gas chromatograph was used for detection.
Result: The six components can be completely separated within 7.0min. This method has good sensitivity, precision,
accuracy and recovery rate. Under the optimum testing conditions, the limit of detection was 0.360-2.50μg/mL, the limit
of quantification was 1.20-8.30μg/mL. The calibration curves showed good linearity (R2≥0.9932) over the investigated
concentration range between 1.20 and 400μg/mL. The recoveries were 89.2% to 109.2%. The RSD of intra-day precision
was less than 1.0%. The RSD of inter-day precision was less than 3.2%. The established method was used to determine
the ingredients of three anti-cold drugs on the market, and the results showed that the method can accurately determine the
Conclusion: The method can quickly and simultaneously determine multiple active ingredients in anti-cold medicines.
Compared with the published methods in literatures, the proposed method has the advantages of fast, the number of
analysis componentswide application range, convenience, low cost, etc. It provides a reference method for quality control
of active ingredients of anti-cold drugs.