Hidden Hunger of Vitamin E among Healthy College Students: A Cross- Sectional Study

Author(s): Zhongqi Wan, Li Wang, Yinyang Xu, Yuanyuan Wang, Tianyou Zhang, Xinlan Mao, Qiao Li, Yangzhi Zhu, Ming Zhou*, Zhong Li*

Journal Name: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets
Formerly Current Drug Targets - Immune, Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders

Volume 21 , Issue 6 , 2021


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Abstract:

Background: College students may have a risk of fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies due to unhealthy dietary habits, especially for vitamin A and E. They are important members of the human antioxidant network; deficiencies of these vitamins may increase the risk of many critical diseases.

Objective: The current study was undertaken to determine the status of vitamin A and E in college students.

Methods: Healthy college students were recruited, and fasting blood samples of them were collected and used for determining serum levels of retinol and α-tocopherol by the HPLC method.

Results: We found that there was no vitamin A deficiency in college students. However, vitamin E deficiency existed in 34.5% of college students, especially in males. All the students had no vitamin E adequacy. In addition, our findings showed that BMI was inversely associated with serum α-- tocopherol, but not serum retinol.

Conclusion: These results suggest that vitamin E deficiency in college students should be given more attention, and it is necessary to consider using vitamin E supplements.

Keywords: Hidden hunger, fat-soluble vitamins, vitamin A, vitamin E, BMI, college students.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 6
Year: 2021
Published on: 01 January, 2021
Page: [1025 - 1030]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1871530321666210101165648

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