Exploring the Anti-Neuroinflammatory Potential of Steroid and Terpenoid-Derived Phytochemicals to Combat Alzheimer's Disease

Author(s): Md. Tanvir Kabir, Md. Sahab Uddin*, Sonia Zaman, Md. Sohanur Rahman, Tapan Behl, Ausaf Ahmad, Abdul Hafeez, Asma Perveen, Ghulam Md. Ashraf*

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 27 , Issue 22 , 2021


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Abstract:

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related progressive neurodegenerative disorder that significantly affects cognitive functions in a way that causes loss of memory, thinking, and behavior. Multiple studies revealed that neuroinflammation associated with AD is linked with the amyloid-beta deposition in the brain. Elevated levels of expression of cytokines, microglial activation, nuclear factor kappa B, and reactive oxygen species play roles in AD-related inflammatory processes. Indeed, effective therapeutic approaches are urgently required to develop therapeutic agents to prevent and treat AD. So far, many anti-AD drug candidates have failed in the clinical stages and currently available drugs only provide symptomatic treatment. In recent times, pharmacologically active phytochemicals have been found to possess promising anti-neuroinflammatory effects; therefore, these natural products can be useful in AD treatment. In this review, we have comprehensively discussed the role of neuroinflammation and the molecular processes altered by multiple steroid and terpenoid-derived phytochemicals in various AD-related neuroinflammatory pathways. Indeed, steroid and terpenoid-derived phytochemicals show important therapeutic activities, which can be useful in ameliorating and treating AD-related neurodegeneration.

Keywords: Anti-Neuroinflammatory effects, Alzheimer's disease, phytochemicals, steroids, terpenoids, neurodegeneration.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 27
ISSUE: 22
Year: 2021
Published on: 01 January, 2021
Page: [2635 - 2647]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/1381612826666210101152352
Price: $65

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