Background: Radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) is lacking effective therapeutic strategies. In this study, we
conducted TGF-β1-based CRISPR/Cas9 gene therapy for RILI.
Objectives: Mouse lungs were irradiated with a single-dose
of 20-Gy gamma rays followed by intravenous administration of Ad-CRISPR-TGF-β1 or Ad- CRISPR-Null.
Haematoxylin and eosin staining, as well as Masson staining were performed to observe lung morphology. Albumin and
IgM concentrations in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were measured by ELISA. Cytokine levels were measured using ELISA
and/or real-time PCR with terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated nick-end labelling.
Results: Ad-CRISPR-TGFβ1 improved histopathological and biochemical markers of lung injury, reduced secretion and expression of inflammatory
cytokines, and inhibited progression of fibrosis. Importantly, the SK1/S1P axis—which is known to play a key role via S1P1
in TGF-β1-dependent S1PR pattern remodelling—is responsible for promoting fibrosis.
Conclusion: Our results indicate
novel insights for RILI therapy.