Background: The genus Thymus is one of the well-known members of the Lamiaceae, which comprises about
215 species. It is a polymorphic genus in this family. Therefore, possible differences in chemical composition among
polymorphs may result in differences in their biological activities.
Objective: This study was designed to specify chemical composition in order to assess antioxidant activities and to
characterize active constituents of essential oil from Thymus pubescens.
Methods: Essential oil was collected by hydrodistillation and was analyzed using GC-MS and GC-FID. Antioxidant
activities were evaluated by ABTS radical cation scavenging and β-carotene bleaching inhibition methods. Detection and
identification of antioxidant components were performed by TLC-bioautography assay using ABTS•+ reagent.
Results: GC analyses indicated the presence of 39 components, accounting for 96.64% of total constituents, with thymol
(38.67%), γ-terpinene (7.46%), and p-cymene (5.54%) as the main components. The IC50 values for antioxidant activities
were equal to 1.15 (1.05 – 1.25) μg/mL and 0.45 (0.33 – 0.62) μg/mL for ABTS•+ scavenging and β-carotene bleaching
inhibition tests, respectively. TLC-bioautograpgy of oil resulted in identification of thymol as the major antioxidant
Conclusion: Essential oil exhibited very potent and significant antioxidant activities correlated well with increasing dose in