Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Amoxicillin Loaded Hybrid Material Composite Spheres Against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Author(s): Muhammad A. Yameen*, Amir Zeb, Raza E. Mustafa, Sana Mushtaq, Nargis Aman, Muhammad Samie, Khizar H. Shah, Jamshed Iqbal

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Volume 22 , Issue 5 , 2021


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Abstract:

Background: Incoherent use of antibiotics has led toward resistance in MRSA, becoming multidrug-resistant with a high rate of virulence in the community and hospital settings.

Objective: Synergistic anti-MRSA activity was investigated in this study for hybrid material composite spheres of amoxicillin, Ag nanoparticles, and chitosan, which were prepared by one-step synthesis method, and various characterizations were performed.

Methods: Antimicrobial-susceptibility assay on MRSA was achieved by disc diffusion and agar dilution techniques, while agar well diffusion was used for hybrid composite spheres. The in vitro and cytotoxicity studies were conducted on the skin abrasion mouse model and MTT assay on RD cell, respectively.

Results: All isolates showed resistance to the tested antibiotics except vancomycin. MIC against MRSA showed high resistance with amoxicillin from 4 to 128 mg L-1. The mean diameter of chitosan spheres and Ag nanoparticles was 02 mm and 277 nm, respectively. Morphology of spheres was uneven, varied, porous, and irregular in SEM, and Ag nanoparticles presence and formation was also seen in the micrograph. No substantial interface among drug, nanoparticles, and polymer was found in XRD, and IR showed characteristic peaks of all compounds in the formulation. The in vitro assay showed augmented anti-MRSA activity with amoxicillin loaded hybrid composite spheres (22-29 mm). A significant reduction in microbial burden (~6.5 log10 CFU mL-1) was seen in vivo with loaded hybrid composite spheres formulation. The MTT assay indicated no potential cytotoxicity with hybrid composite spheres.

Conclusion: The synergistic effect of Amoxycillin in the current study predicts a promising hybrid formulation with enhanced anti-MRSA activity.

Keywords: Multidrug-resistance, MRSA, amoxicillin, Ag nanoparticles/chitosan hybrid composite spheres, synergistic anti- MRSA activity, cytotoxicity.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 22
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2021
Published on: 21 December, 2020
Page: [686 - 696]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1389201021666201221143537
Price: $65

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