Background: Environmental pollution has been a recognized problem for human health
and the ecosystem. Remediation is usually costly and time-consuming, so researchers' attention has
been drowning to develop and use new materials. This review aims to summarize the recent development
of carbon-based materials used for environmental management.
Methods: We conducted a detailed analysis of available literature based on the Web of Science
database. In the third part of the manuscript are given some of the recent patents on carbon-based
materials. The corresponding papers were carefully evaluated.
Results: More than one hundred and ninety papers were included in section literature. Based on the
available literature it an increasing trend in carbon-based material usage can be observed. These
materials are used in resolving environmental issues: adsorbents in water and wastewater treatment;
precursor of catalysts, soil improvement, waste management, climate change mitigation, electrochemical
energy storage and soil remediation adsorption processes. Although it is a mainly new
approach considered as environmentally friendly, there are finding, observation, negative aspects,
and conclusion that must be taken into consideration.
Conclusion: The findings of this review confirm that many factors must be considered when carbon-
based materials are used. At the same time, this review aims to emphasize development trends
in providing a useful guide to design and fabricate high-efficiency and low-cost carbon materials.