Stable Loading and Delivery of Icaritin Using PEG-PCL Micelles for Effective Treatment of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Jian-Guang Yang, Jing Zhang, Xiao-Jie Chen, Gang Zhou*

Journal Name: Current Drug Delivery

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Background: Icaritin can inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC). However, low solubility limits its clinical usage.

Objectives: To improve the efficacy of icaritin treatment, a micelle system was designed for targeted delivery of drugs to OSCC cells.

Methods: In the present study, the micelles loaded with icaritin were self-assembled from the amphipathic polymer via film dispersion. Nanoparticles were characterized with the transmission electron microscope and dynamic light scattering. The cytotoxicity of icaritin nanoparticles was analyzed by CCK-8, and in vitro target-selective intracellular uptake behaviors were observed using a laser confocal microscope.

Results: The micelles were spherical with the mean diameter of 121.2 nm. In vitro studies revealed that icaritin was stablely and slowly released from micelles. Cytotoxicity analysis demonstrated that icartin-loaded micelles exhibited better therapeu-tic efficacy compared with free icaritin. Cellular uptake and intracellular release results revealed that micelles efficiently de-livered icaritin into OSCC cells.

Conclusion: These results suggest that encapsulated icaritin in polycaprolactone - polyethylene glycol (PCL-PEG) micelles may provide safe and effective drug delivery in OSCC treatments.

Keywords: Drug delivery, icaritin, micelles, Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC), PLGA, dispersion.

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Article Details

(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1567201818999201210211636
Price: $95

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