EEG Correlates of Cognitive Functions and Neuropsychiatric Disorders: A Review of Oscillatory Activity and Neural Synchrony Abnormalities

Author(s): Meysam Amidfar*, Yong-Ku Kim

Journal Name: Current Psychiatry Research and Reviews
Formerly Current Psychiatry Reviews

Volume 16 , Issue 4 , 2020


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Abstract:

Background: A large body of evidence suggested that disruption of neural rhythms and synchronization of brain oscillations are correlated with a variety of cognitive and perceptual processes. Cognitive deficits are common features of psychiatric disorders that complicate treatment of the motivational, affective and emotional symptoms.

Objective: Electrophysiological correlates of cognitive functions will contribute to understanding of neural circuits controlling cognition, the causes of their perturbation in psychiatric disorders and developing novel targets for the treatment of cognitive impairments.

Methods: This review includes a description of brain oscillations in Alzheimer’s disease, bipolar disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, major depression, obsessive compulsive disorders, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia and autism.

Results: The review clearly shows that the reviewed neuropsychiatric diseases are associated with fundamental changes in both spectral power and coherence of EEG oscillations.

Conclusion: In this article, we examined the nature of brain oscillations, the association of brain rhythms with cognitive functions and the relationship between EEG oscillations and neuropsychiatric diseases. Accordingly, EEG oscillations can most likely be used as biomarkers in psychiatric disorders.

Keywords: Brain rhythms, EEG oscillations, neuropsychiatric diseases, cognitive functions, neural synchrony, EEG coherence.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2020
Published on: 09 December, 2020
Page: [228 - 243]
Pages: 16
DOI: 10.2174/2666082216999201209130117
Price: $65

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