The Impact of Immune Cell-derived Exosomes on Immune Response Initiation and Immune System Function

Author(s): Fataneh Tavasolian, Ahmad Z. Hosseini*, Mohsen Rashidi, Sara Soudi, Elham Abdollahi, Amir A. Momtazi-Borojeni, Thozhukat Sathyapalan, Amirhossein Sahebkar*

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 27 , Issue 2 , 2021

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Abstract:

Exosomes are small extracellular vesicles that pass genetic material between various cells to modulate or alter their biological function. The role of exosomes is to communicate with the target cell for cell-to-cell communication. Their inherent characteristics of exosomes, such as adhesion molecules, allow targeting specifically to the receiving cell. Exosomes are involved in cell to cell communication in the immune system including antigen presentation, natural killer cells (NK cells) and T cell activation/polarisation, immune suppression and various anti-inflammatory processes. In this review, we have described various functions of exosomes secreted by the immune cells in initiating, activating and modulating immune responses; and highlight the distinct roles of exosomal surface proteins and exosomal cargo. Potential applications of exosomes such as distribution vehicles for immunotherapy are also discussed.

Keywords: Exosome, microRNA, immune system, inflammation, immune response, immunotherapy.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 27
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2021
Published on: 04 February, 2021
Page: [197 - 205]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1381612826666201207221819
Price: $65

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