Basic Biology of Trypanosoma cruzi

Author(s): Aline A. Zuma, Emile dos Santos Barrias, Wanderley de Souza*

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 27 , Issue 14 , 2021


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Abstract:

The present review addresses basic aspects of the biology of the pathogenic protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi and some comparative information of Trypanosoma brucei. Like eukaryotic cells, their cellular organization is similar to that of mammalian hosts. However, these parasites present structural particularities. That is why the following topics are emphasized in this paper: developmental stages of the life cycle in the vertebrate and invertebrate hosts; the cytoskeleton of the protozoa, especially the sub-pellicular microtubules; the flagellum and its attachment to the protozoan body through specialized junctions; the kinetoplast-mitochondrion complex, including its structural organization and DNA replication; glycosome and its role in the metabolism of the cell; acidocalcisome, describing its morphology, biochemistry, and functional role; cytostome and the endocytic pathway; the organization of the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi complex; the nucleus, describing its structural organization during interphase and division; and the process of interaction of the parasite with host cells. The unique characteristics of these structures also make them interesting chemotherapeutic targets. Therefore, further understanding of cell biology aspects contributes to the development of drugs for chemotherapy.

Keywords: Cell biology, drug targets, phylogeny, kinetoplastid, trypanosomatids, Trypanosoma cruzi, Trypanosoma brucei, ultrastructure.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 27
ISSUE: 14
Year: 2021
Published on: 03 December, 2020
Page: [1671 - 1732]
Pages: 62
DOI: 10.2174/1381612826999201203213527
Price: $65

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