Gold Nanoparticles Conjugated L-Lysine for Improving Cisplatin Delivery to Human Breast Cancer Cells

Author(s): Mahdieh Ganji, Fariba Dashtestani*, Hoda Keshmiri Neghab, Mohammad Hasan Soheilifar, Fatemeh Hakimian*, Fatemeh Haghiralsadat

Journal Name: Current Drug Delivery

Volume 18 , Issue 6 , 2021


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Abstract:

Introduction: Nano drug delivery is a broad field of research on the development of novel nano- carrier systems for effective therapeutic delivery of drugs. Here, an anticancer drug, cisplatin (CDDP) conjugated Gold Nanoparticles (GNPs) via L-Lysine (Lys) linker.

Methods: The produced nanodrug (GNPs-Lys-CDDP) was characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), Zeta potentials and electron force microscopy. The cytotoxic efficacy of the GNPs-Lys-CDDP against human breast cancer cells (SKBR3) and normal cells (MCF- 10A) was evaluatedby MTT assay. Cell apoptosis and morphology changes were assessed by flowcytometery and Acridine Orange/Ethidium Bromide (AO/EtBr) staining, respectively.

Results: It was found that the GNPs-Lys-CDDP with a size of 85 nm and negatively charged with a zeta-potential of about -25 mV could be taken up by tumor cells. A marked change in the UV spectrum of GNPs-Lys-CDDP compare to GNPs showed a strong absorption shift in the 525 nm region. The LD 50 of GNPs-Lys-CDDP against SKBR3 (1 μg.mL -1), was found to be 8 times lower than that of naked CDDP against SKBR3 (8 μg.mL -1). The nanocomplex GNPs-Lys-CDDP also significantly increased the apoptosis of SKBR3 with the lowest cytotoxic effects on normal cells.

Discussion: This work indicates that GNPs effectively could decrease the lethal dose of CDDP to 87%. Hence, GNPs modified by Lys, could be a good nano-carrier for chemotherapeutic drugs.

Keywords: Drug delivery, gold nanoparticles, cancer treatment drug, l-lysine, cisplatin, spectroscopy.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 6
Year: 2021
Published on: 03 December, 2020
Page: [753 - 760]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1567201818666201203150931
Price: $65

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