Background: The clinical spectrum of SARS-CoV-2 infection may vary from simple
colds to a severe acute respiratory syndrome, metabolic acidosis, septic shock, and multiple organ
failure. Current evidence indicates that the risk of severe illness increases with age, in the male sex,
and with certain chronic medical problems. Many people living with HIV have other conditions
that increase their risk.
Case presentation: In the first 3 months of the pandemic, four patients with HIV were hospitalized
in our clinic because of COVID-19. The disease severity was mild in two patients with normal
CD4+ T count. However, one patient with a low CD4+T count died and the other developed retinal
detachment one month after discharge. The deceased patient had a malignancy.
Conclusion: In this study, the effect of the immunological status of the patients on the course of
COVID-19 and the developing vascular complications was evaluated in 4 patients with HIV.