It is well-established that adults with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have an increased prevalence
of several cardiometabolic risk factors, including obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and
dyslipidemia. Accumulating data suggest that these risk factors are already present in adolescence in patients
with PCOS. This has major implications for the management of this population since the timely identification
of these risk factors is essential for preventing cardiovascular disease in adulthood. The present review summarizes
the existing evidence regarding the prevalence of traditional and non-traditional cardiometabolic risk factors
in adolescents with PCOS.
Keywords: Polycystic ovary syndrome, adolescence, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperandrogenemia, anovulation.
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