Foot infections, being one of the major complications, account for nearly 15% of people
with diabetes, and increase their risk for amputation in lower extremities. Though various factors
contribute to the development of diabetic foot infection, poor glycemic control poses a greater risk
paving the way for a number of micro-organisms to colonize the wound.
In order to restore the lost granulation tissue at the ulcer site, the prime aim should not only be attaining
glycemic control but also must focus on performing culture by clinically differentiating the
stage of infection as well as to manage or control the infection by selecting a rational empiric antibiotic
regimen, amidst the uncertainty that exists in choosing best antimicrobial therapy in emerging
multi-drug resistance worldwide.
This review mainly analyzes that although among the existence of various undefined microbiome
being prevalent in causing diabetic foot infections, how the current trend of antibiotics in use aids
in treating foot infections in diabetes.