Hepatocyte Growth Factor and Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 based Cellular Therapies for Oxidative Stress Injury

Author(s): Ozge Burcu Sahan, Aysen Gunel-Ozcan*

Journal Name: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Volume 16 , Issue 7 , 2021


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Abstract:

Imbalance between free radicals and antioxidants causes oxidative stress by the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the tissues and organs. Oxidative stress occurs in many damaged conditions, and the increase of ROS and reduction of antioxidants enhances inflammation, apoptosis, fibrosis and may worsen the pathology leading to organ failure. The potential therapies aim to increase antioxidants and decrease ROS. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) isolated from the stroma of various tissues are multipotent cells and have beneficial effects on several diseases with their immunomodulation and regeneration capacities. MSCs trigger the proliferation of the cells with various secretory factors, reduce oxidative stress and decrease apoptosis, inflammation, fibrosis and thus, increase regeneration. However, survival, engraftment, and differentiation problems of transplanted MSCs restrict their protective and regenerative effects. Preconditioning of MSCs with several factors, such as cytokines, hypoxia, chemical agents, pharmacological drugs, physical factors and growth factors, enhances their repairing efficacy for injury and disease models. This review is mainly focused on insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and discusses the research on MSC priming/induction with IGF-1 and HGF stimulation either by supplementation or overexpression that can enhance the regenerative potential of MSCs on various oxidative stress conditions such as acute/chronic kidney diseases, lung injury, cancer, metabolic and cardiovascular diseases.

Keywords: Oxidative stress, reactive oxygen species, mesenchymal stem cells, preconditioning, insulin-like growth factor, hepatocyte growth factor.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2021
Published on: 24 November, 2020
Page: [771 - 791]
Pages: 21
DOI: 10.2174/1574888X16999201124153753
Price: $65

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