Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry and Biological Activities of Native Chilean Plants

Author(s): Bahare Salehi, Javad Sharifi-Rad*, Jesús Herrera-Bravo, Luis A. Salazar, Carla Delporte, Gabriela Valenzuela Barra, Maria-Elena Cazar Ramirez, Maria Dolores López, Karina Ramírez-Alarcón, Natália Cruz-Martins, Miquel Martorell*

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 27 , Issue 7 , 2021


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Abstract:

The native flora of Chile has unique characteristics due to the geographical situation of the country, with the vast desert in the North, Patagonia in the South, the Andean Mountains on the east and the Pacific Ocean on the west. This exclusivity is reflected in high concentrations of phytochemicals in the fruits and leaves of its native plants. Some examples are Aristotelia chilensis (Molina), Stuntz (maqui), Berberis microphylla G. Forst. (calafate), Peumus boldus Molina (boldo), Ribes magellanicum Poir. (Magellan currant), Ugni molinae Turcz. (murtilla), Rubus geoides Sm. (miñe miñe), Drimys winteri J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. (canelo), Luma apiculata (DC.) Burret (arrayán) distributed throughout the entire Chilean territory. Some of these Chilean plants have been used for centuries in the country's traditional medicine. The most recent studies of phytochemical characterization of parts of Chilean plants show a wide spectrum of antioxidant compounds, phenolic components, terpenoids and alkaloids, which have shown biological activity in both in vitro and in vivo studies. This manuscript covers the entire Chilean territory characterizing the phytochemical profile and reporting some of its biological properties, focusing mainly on antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, chemopreventive and cytotoxic activity, and potential against diabetes, metabolic syndrome and gastrointestinal disorders.

Keywords: Phytotherapy, maqui, calafate, boldo, murtilla, Chilean plant.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 27
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2021
Published on: 02 April, 2021
Page: [953 - 970]
Pages: 18
DOI: 10.2174/1381612826666201124105623
Price: $65

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