A Novel Quinoline Derivative for Selective and Sensitive Visual Detection of PPB Level Cu2+ in an Aqueous Solution

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Nilimesh Das, Tanmoy Khan, Aritra Das, Vipin Kumar Jain, Joydev Acharya, Md. Serajul Haque Faizi, Joseph Daniel, Pratik Sen*

Journal Name: Current Analytical Chemistry

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Aim: Selective and sensitive visual detection of Cu2+in aqueous solution at PPB level using easily synthesized compound.

Background: The search for a chemosensor that can detect Cu2+ is very long owing to the fact that an optimum level of Cu2+ is required for human health and the recommended amount of Cu2+ in drinking water is set to be 1-2 mgL-1 . Thus, it is very important to detect Cu2+ even at a very low concentration to assess the associated health risks.

Objective: We are still seeking for the easiest, cheapest, fastest and greenest sensor that can selectively, sensitively and accurately detect Cu2+ with lowest detection limit. Our objective of this work is to find one such Cu2+ sensor.

Methods: We have synthesized a quinoline derivative following very easy synthetic procedures and characterize the compound by standard methods. For sensing study, we used steady state absorption and emission spectroscopy.

Results: Our sensor can detect Cu2+ selectively and sensitively in aqueous solution instantaneously even in the presence of excess amount of other salts. The pale-yellow color of the sensor turns red on the addition of Cu2+ . There is no interference from other cations and anions. A 2:1 binding mechanism of the ligand with Cu2+ is proposed using Jobs plot with binding constant in the order of 109 M-2 . We calculated the LOD to be 18 ppb, which is quite low than what is permissible in drinking water.

Conclusion: We developed a new quinoline based chemo-sensor following straightforward synthetic procedure from very cheap starting materials that can detect Cu2+ visually and instantaneously in aqueous solution with ppb level sensitivity and zero interference from other ions.

Keywords: Chemosensor, copper detection, visual sensing, PPB sensitivity, health risks, aqueous solution.

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Article Details

Published on: 23 November, 2020
(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1573411016999201123162027
Price: $95

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