Dealing with the complexity of modern technological non-linear systems and their disturbances is
a very challenging issue. Sliding Mode Control (SMC) can deal perfectly with the non-linear systems and
their disturbances because its accuracy and stability are very high. In this paper, a brief review of SMC
types, SMC methods, and SMC in the field of Fault Tolerant Control (FTC), are provided. It also gives brief
details about the reaching phase, sliding phase, and sliding surface, with their advantages and disadvantages.
Further, chattering, which is the main drawback of SMC, is discussed and methods to resolve the chattering
are also provided. In the end, various types of FTC are discussed and potential use of SMC in the design of
FTC has been described. This paper will give comprehensive state-of-the-art to new researchers about the
implementation of SMC in the FTC domain for further research.