Anthelmintic Properties of Cinnamon for the Control of Agricultural and Public Health Pests
Pp. 1-32 (32)
Gloria Sarahi Castañeda-Ramirez, Javier Ventura-Cordero, Gloria Ivonne Hernández-Bolio, Gonzalo Silva-Aguayo, Manuel Carrillo-Morales, Gabriela Oropeza-Guzman, Blanca Aguilar-Figueroa, Benjamín Nogueda-Torres, Blanca E. Álvarez-Fernández and Liliana Aguilar-Marcelino
The most prevalent helminths are the gastrointestinal nematodes, such as the
parasitic nematode Haemonchus contortus of sheep. Other economically important
nematodes are phytoparasites, Nacobbus aberrans and Meloidogyne incognita,
affecting more than 200 crops of plants and vegetables such as tomatoes, among others.
Regarding the cestodes and Hymenolepis nana are the most prevalent worldwide.
These helminths occur in warm temperate and dry geographical areas of developing
countries with poor sanitary habits affecting mainly children between 2-8 years old.
The conventional control is the use of anthelmintics (e.g. macrocyclic lactones,
benzimidazoles and imidazoles) of synthetical origin; however, the misuse of these
anthelmintics has led to a problem of chemical resistance worldwide; in addition, the residuality of these compounds in sheep byproducts, such as meat and milk, has
caused a negative environmental impact. They also damage populations of beneficial
organisms, such as the dung beetle, earthworms and nematophagous mites, among
others. Hence, it is urgent and necessary to search for other integral, environmentally
friendly, and sustainable control methods. The use of medicinal plants, mainly spices
and culinary herbs, could be a sustainable alternative to control helminths that affect
humans, plants and animals. This chapter presents an overview of the anthelmintic
properties of cinnamon for sustainable helminth parasites control. This chapter is
divided into several topics including 1) biology of cinnamon, 2) traditional and
molecular taxonomic description of cinnamon, 3) metabolites reported in cinnamon, 4)
uses of cinnamon as a condiment, 5) antiparasitic properties of cinnamon, 6)
anthelmintic properties against agricultural pests, 7) anthelmintic properties against
livestock pests and productive performance, 8) advances and perspectives of cinnamon
in the control of anthelmintic properties, and 9) perspectives on the study of the
anthelmintic properties of cinnamon.
Anthelmintic properties, Cinnamomum verum, Culinary herbs,
Spices, Soil-transmitted helminthes.
Centro Nacional de Investigación Disciplinaria en Salud Animal e Inocuidad, INIFAP, Km 11 Carretera Federal Cuernavaca-Cuautla, No. 8534, Col. Progreso, Jiutepec, Morelos, CP 62550, México.