Carotid atherosclerosis is responsible for a great proportion of ischemic strokes. Early identification of
unstable or vulnerable carotid plaques, and therefore, of patients at high risk for stroke, is of significant medical
and socioeconomical value. We reviewed the current literature and discussed the potential role of the most important
serum biomarkers in identifying patients with carotid atherosclerosis who are at high risk for atheroembolic
Keywords: Carotid, atherosclerosis, plaque, stroke, biomarkers, inflammation.
Rights & PermissionsPrintExport