Frontiers in Clinical Drug Research - CNS and Neurological Disorders

Frontiers in Clinical Drug Research - CNS and Neurological Disorders

Volume: 8

Frontiers in Clinical Drug Research - CNS and Neurological Disorders is a book series that brings updated reviews to readers interested in advances in the development of pharmaceutical agents for the ...
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Screening Models For Neuroleptic Drug-Induced Hyperprolactinemia: A Mini-Review

Pp. 90-108 (19)

Prashant Tiwari, Sunil Kumar Dubey, Shweta Shrivastava and Pratap Kumar Sahu

Abstract

Schizophrenia is a thought disorder characterized by hallucinations, delusions, and disorganized thinking. It affects 1% of the world population. Neuroleptics are the drugs used in the treatment of schizophrenia. Besides extrapyramidal side effects, hyperprolactinemia is a major side effect with neuroleptics like haloperidol, risperidone, etc. Hyperprolactinemia results in gynecomastia (male), galactorrhoea, oligomenorrhoea, and amenorrhoea (female) which leads to sexual dysfunction and infertility. Dopamine receptor agonists like cabergoline, bromocriptine, etc are used in the treatment of hyperprolactinemia. However, these drugs may aggravate the symptoms of schizophrenia. So, there is a need for the discovery of drugs that can be used against neuroleptic drug-induced hyperprolactinemia. Lack of suitable animal models for the evaluation of new drugs against neuroleptic drug-induced hyperprolactinemia is a major concern. In this chapter, reviews on neuroleptic drug-induced hyperprolactinemia and the available animal models for the screening of hyperprolactinemia are included.

Keywords:

Animal Model, Hyperprolactinemia, Neuroleptic, Schizophrenia.

Affiliation:

School of Pharmacy, School of Health and Allied Sciences, ARKA JAIN University, Jamshedpur - 832102, India.