Treatment Strategies Against Diabetic Foot Ulcer: Success so Far and the Road Ahead

Author(s): Ankit Awasthi, Sachin Kumar Singh*, Bimlesh Kumar, Monica Gulati, Rajesh Kumar, Sheetu Wadhwa, Rubiya Khursheed, Leander Corrie, Arya KR, Rajan Kumar, Pooja Patni, Jaskiran Kaur, Sukriti Vishwas, Ankit Yadav

Journal Name: Current Diabetes Reviews

Volume 17 , Issue 4 , 2021


Become EABM
Become Reviewer
Call for Editor

Abstract:

Background: Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is one of the leading complications of type-2 diabetes mellitus. It is associated with neuropathy and peripheral arterial disease of the lower limb in patients with diabetes. There are four stages of wound healing, namely hemostasis phase, inflammatory phase, proliferative phase and maturation phase. In the case of DFU, all these stages are disturbed which lead to delay in healing and consequently to lower limb amputation. Conventional dosage forms like tablets, creams, ointments, gels and capsules have been used for the treatment of diabetic foot ulcer for many years.

Introduction: In this review, the global prevalence as well as etiopathogenesis related to diabetic foot ulcer have been discussed. The potential role of various synthetic and herbal drugs, as well as their conventional dosage forms in the effective management of DFU have been discussed in detail.

Methods: Structured search of bibliographic databases from previously published peer-reviewed research papers was explored and data has been represented in terms of various approaches that are used for the treatment of DFU.

Results: About 148 papers, including both research and review articles, were included in this review to produce a comprehensive as well as a readily understandable article. A series of herbal and synthetic drugs have been discussed along with their current status of treatment in terms of dose and mechanism of action.

Conclusion: DFU has become one of the most common complications in patients having diabetes for more than ten years. Hence, understanding the root cause and its successful treatment is a big challenge because it depends upon multiple factors such as the judicious selection of drugs as well as proper control of blood sugar level. Most of the drugs that have been used so far either belong to the category of antibiotics, antihyperglycaemic or they have been repositioned. In clinical practice, much focus has been given to dressings that have been used to cover the ulcer. The complete treatment of DFU is still a farfetched dream to be achieved and it is expected that combination therapy of herbal and synthetic drugs with multiple treatment pathways could be able to offer better management of DFU.

Keywords: Diabetic foot ulcer, type 2 diabetes mellitus, synthetic drugs, herbal drugs, etiopathogenesis, blood sugar level.

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2021
Published on: 30 April, 2021
Page: [421 - 436]
Pages: 16
DOI: 10.2174/1573399816999201102125537
Price: $65

Article Metrics

PDF: 25