Potential of Combination of Bone Marrow Nucleated and Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Complete Spinal Cord Injury

Author(s): Shojiro Katoh, Vidyasagar D. Dedeepiya, Satoshi Kuroda, Masaru Iwasaki, Rajappa Senthilkumar, Senthilkumar Preethy, Samuel J.K. Abraham*

Journal Name: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Volume 16 , Issue 4 , 2021


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Abstract:

Background: Cell-based therapies represent one of the definitive treatment approaches to SCI which, to become a routine clinical application, is marred by several known unknowns. The Bone Marrow Mononuclear Cells (BMMNCs) and Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) represent the most clinically applied cell types for SCI in humans, with safety established, and to an extent, efficacy reported.

Methods: In this review, we have analysed the clinical studies performed using BMMNC and MSC for complete SCI separately, and the potential for applying those cells in combination. We have also analysed those factors whose outcome in animal studies of SCI could be evaluated in depth but the clinical outcome cannot be evaluated intrinsically owing to practical difficulties.

Conclusion: A combination of these two cell types, BMMNC and MSC, has been proven to be advantageous than applying them separately. Therefore, a thorough evaluation including the rationale and potential implications of applying these two therapies has been presented here, and we hypothesize that such a combination is likely to improvise the outcome of a wholesome approach to spinal cord regeneration after SCI.

Keywords: Bone Marrow Mononuclear Cells (BMMNC), Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSC), Spinal Cord Injury (SCI), noncell based regenerative therapies, spinal cord regeneration, animal studies.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2021
Published on: 09 June, 2021
Page: [385 - 399]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/1574888X15666201029160542
Price: $65

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