Background: In the last few decades, nanostructures like nanoparticles, dendrimers,
quantum dots, nanotubes, etc., gain significant attention in the field of biomedicine. Recently, various
modification techniques were employed for the generation of newly modified nanostructured
biomaterials. Nowadays, these biomaterials are exploited for the treatment and diagnosis of various
Objective: The present manuscript aims to describe the various types of nanostructures along with
the techniques of modification and their applications in the diagnosis and treatment of biological disorders.
Results and Conclusion: Various modification techniques involved in different reaction methodologies
are described in the present manuscript. From the study, it is investigated that the modified
nanostructured can be utilized in the diagnosis and treatment of biological disorders. Modification
of nanostructured materials introduces superior properties and enables them as the detection tool
and treatment kit for biological disorders.