Plant Oil-based Nanoemulsions: Preparation and Efficacy for Hair Treatment

Author(s): Lívia Gonçalves Ferreira Rodrigues, Juliana Falcão Alves de Carvalho, Cristal dos Santos Cerqueira Pinto, Elisabete Pereira Santos, Claudia Regina Elias Mansur*

Journal Name: Current Applied Polymer Science

Volume 4 , Issue 1 , 2021


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Abstract:

Background: The use of polymers in hair care products is widespread, and silicones in particular, are extensively used in cosmetic formulations. In addition, plant oils can also be used for hair treatment.

Objective: In the present work, oil-in-water (O/W) nanoemulsions were prepared to repair chemical damage to human hair samples, to investigate the combined use of a silicone polyether copolymer (surfactant) that has a branch composed of poly(ethylene oxide) in its chains, and two types of plant oils: coconut and ojon oil.

Materials and Methods: Surfactant-oil-water formulations were obtained by ultrasonic processing. The nanoemulsions were then applied to human hair strands previously damaged with sodium hydroxide, to compare the treated strands with untreated ones. The efficacy of the formulations was investigated by scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and mechanical tests.

Results and Discussion: Stables nanoemulsions were obtained with average size of the dispersed droplets up to 400 nm. The micrographs suggest that the action mechanism of the nanoemulsions depends not only on the type of plant oil used and on size of the droplets dispersed in the system, but also on the type of hair that receives the treatment. The thermal analysis showed that the use of nanoemulsion changed the temperature of keratin interconversion to higher values, which can make hair fibers more resistant to heat. Hair resistance was improved when comparing virgin samples to the damaged ones.

Conclusion: The nanoemulsions were efficient in the treatment of the hair samples, which showed a significant improvement in their mechanical properties.

Keywords: Hair treatment, nanoemulsions, plant oils, formulation stability, polymers, silicone polyether copolymer.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 4
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2021
Published on: 05 March, 2021
Page: [72 - 82]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/2452271604999201026191844
Price: $58

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