Inhibition of Virulence Factors and Biofilm Formation of Acinetobacter Baumannii by Naturally-derived and Synthetic Drugs

Author(s): Nilushi Indika Bamunuarachchi, Fazlurrahman Khan, Young-Mog Kim*

Journal Name: Current Drug Targets

Volume 22 , Issue 7 , 2021


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Abstract:

Acinetobacter baumannii is a gram-negative, aerobic, non-motile, and pleomorphic bacillus. A. baumannii is also a highly-infectious pathogen causing high mortality and morbidity rates in intensive care units. The discovery of novel agents against A. baumannii infections is urgently needed due to the emergence of drug-resistant A. baumannii strains and the limited number of efficacious antibiotics available for treatment. In addition to the production of several virulence factors, A. baumannii forms biofilms on the host cell surface as well. Formation of biofilms occurs through initial surface attachment, microcolony formation, biofilm maturation, and detachment stages, and is one of the major drug resistance mechanisms employed by A. baumannii. Several studies have previously reported the efficacy of naturally-derived and synthetic compounds as anti- biofilm and anti-virulence agents against A. baumannii. Here, inhibition of biofilm formation and virulence factors of A. baumannii using naturally-derived and synthetic compounds are reviewed.

Keywords: Acinetobacter baumannii, anti-biofilm, antivirulence, compounds, multiple drug-resistant, synthetic.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 22
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2021
Published on: 26 April, 2021
Page: [734 - 759]
Pages: 26
DOI: 10.2174/1389450121666201023122355
Price: $65

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