Sarcopoterium spinosum (L.) sp., is a common plant in the Mediterranean region. Over
the years, S.spinosum has been used as a remedy for many diseases. One of the most known medicinal
uses of the S.spinosum is the remedy for type II diabetes. Early studies were more focused on
the extraction and characterization of the S.spinosum. Few pentacyclic triterpenoids were identified
in S. spinosum such as tormentic acid and ursolic acid. Due to the presence of these triterpenoids,
antidiabetic, anticancer, and hepatoprotective properties of the S.spinosum have been investigated
in the literature. And these studies revealed the various health benefits of the S.spinosum extract.
While gathering the studies for this review it was seen that the effect of isolated triterpenes is preferred
rather than crude extract. For this reason, studies carried out with both crude extract and the
isolated molecules were summarized. The objective of this work is to provide a starting point for
possible health applications for S.spinosum. This review could provide a summary of these studies
on Sarcopoterium spinosum’s health benefits and its possible applications.