Nanotechnology and its allied modalities have brought revolution in tissue engineering and
bone healing. The research on translating the findings of the basic and preclinical research into clinical
practice is ongoing. Advances in the synthesis and design of nanomaterials along with advances in genomics
and proteomics, and tissue engineering have opened a bright future for bone healing and orthopedic
technology. Studies have shown promising outcomes in the design and fabrication of porous implant
substrates that can be exploited as bone defect augmentation and drug-carrier devices. However, there are
dozens of applications in orthopedic traumatology and bone healing for nanometer-sized entities, structures,
surfaces, and devices with characteristic lengths ranging from tens 10s of nanometers to a few micrometers.
Nanotechnology has made promising advances in the synthesis of scaffolds, delivery mechanisms,
controlled modification of surface topography and composition, and biomicroelectromechanical
systems. This study reviews the basic and translational sciences and clinical implications of the
nanotechnology in tissue engineering and bone diseases. Recent advances in NPs assisted osteogenic
agents, nanocomposites, and scaffolds for bone disorders are discussed.
Keywords: Nanotechnology, Nanoparticles, Bone disorders, Bone healing, Tissue engineering, Implants, Scaffolds hydrogels.
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