The Undiscovered Potential of Essential Oils for Treating SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19)

Author(s): Peter J. Wilkin, Minnatallah Al-Yozbaki, Alex George, Girish K. Gupta, Cornelia M. Wilson*

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 26 , Issue 41 , 2020


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Abstract:

On 11th March 2020, the World Health Organisation (WHO) announced a pandemic caused by a novel beta-coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, designated COVID-19. The virus emerged in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, has spread across the world as a global pandemic. The traditional use of medicines from plants can be traced back to 60,000 years. Global interest in the development of drugs from natural products has increased greatly during the last few decades. Essential oils (EOs) have been studied through the centuries and are known to possess various pharmaceutical properties. In the present review, we have highlighted the current biology, epidemiology, various clinical aspects, different diagnostic techniques, clinical symptoms, and management of COVID-19. An overview of the antiviral action of EOs, along with their proposed mechanism of action and in silico studies conducted, is described. The reported studies of EOs' antiviral activity highlight the baseline data about the additive and/or synergistic effects among primary or secondary phytoconstituents found in individual oils, combinations or blends of oils and between EOs and antiviral drugs. It is hoped that further research will provide better insights into EOs' potential to limit viral infection and aid in providing solutions through natural, therapeutically active agents.

Keywords: Coronavirus, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, essential oils, natural compounds, antiviral, anti-inflammation, mechanism of action.

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