Background: According to the current scenario with millions of deaths worldwide, the
outbreak of COVID-19 has created global havoc. The vast spreading of COVID-19 has already challenged
the healthcare system and economy of the world. Every country is now putting the best efforts
to develop its standards, strategies, and policies to fight against this pandemic. Therefore, a huge
amount of research grants is allocated for the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 globally.
Objective: Scientists/researchers around the world are working in different fields, i.e., biological,
physical, and chemical sciences, and have collaborated for an effective outcome to combat this pandemic.
In light of the above-mentioned challenges, the researchers of the nanotechnology community
can also contribute significantly in this direction.
Results: As team members of the nanotechnology community, we suggest various research targets
that can be designed/improved, optimized, and developed by nanotechnologists. These research targets
include Point-of-care diagnostics (POCD), Surveillance and monitoring, Therapeutics, Vaccine
development, Improving existing drugs with potential therapeutic applications, Developing antiviral
nanocoating/antimicrobial spray-based coating for PPE, Magnetic nanoparticles and viral RNA (Ribonucleic
acid), and Rapid detection kits.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that multiple areas, such as the development of nano-biosensor
based diagnostic technology (capable to produce fast and accurate results), development of nanoencapsulated
drugs/vaccines or other efficient systems, testing/improving existing drugs with potential
therapeutic applications, developing antiviral nanocoating/antimicrobial spray-based coating for
PPE, etc., need immediate attention.