Applications of Poly(caprolactone)-based Nanofibre Electrospun Scaffolds in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Author(s): Wei Zhang, Tingting Weng, Qiong Li, Ronghua Jin, Chuangang You, Pan Wu, Jiaming Shao, Sizhan Xia, Min Yang, Chunmao Han, Xingang Wang*

Journal Name: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Volume 16 , Issue 4 , 2021


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Abstract:

Diseases, trauma, and injuries are highly prevalent conditions that lead to many critical tissue defects. Tissue engineering has great potentials to develop functional scaffolds that mimic natural tissue structures to improve or replace biological functions. In many kinds of technologies, electrospinning has received widespread attention for its outstanding functions, which is capable of producing nanofibre structures similar to the natural extracellular matrix. Amongst the available biopolymers for electrospinning, poly (caprolactone) (PCL) has shown favorable outcomes for tissue regeneration applications. According to the characteristics of different tissues, PCL can be modified by altering the functional groups or combining with other materials, such as synthetic polymers, natural polymers, and metal materials, to improve its physicochemical, mechanical, and biological properties, making the electrospun scaffolds meet the requirements of different tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Moreover, efforts have been made to modify nanofibres with several bioactive substances to provide cells with the necessary chemical cues and a more in vivo like environment. In this review, some recent developments in both the design and utility of electrospun PCL-based scaffolds in the fields of bone, cartilage, skin, tendon, ligament, and nerve are highlighted, along with their potential impact on future research and clinical applications.

Keywords: Poly(caprolactone), tissue engineering, regeneration, biomaterials, regenerative medicine, nanofibre.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2021
Published on: 08 June, 2021
Page: [414 - 442]
Pages: 29
DOI: 10.2174/1574888X15666201014145703
Price: $65

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