Synthesis, Characterization and Comparative Study of TiO2 and ZnO Nanoparticles and their Application as a Photocatalysts for a Trichromatic Dye

Author(s): Meriem Kouhail*, El Ahmadi Zakia, Benayada Abbes

Journal Name: Current Nanomaterials

Volume 5 , Issue 3 , 2020


Become EABM
Become Reviewer
Call for Editor

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: The textile industrial effluents cause profound imbalances in ecosystems, when released into nature; dyes are oxidized by micro-organisms, resulting in a decrease in the dissolved oxygen, which is necessary for the aquatic life. For this reason, it is important to implement economic, efficient, and green methods ensuring both the discoloration and detoxification of water.

Objective: TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles were synthesized by sol-gel and precipitation methods, respectively. These two nanoparticles were used to compare photocatalytic degradation under UV and solar irradiation for three reactive azoic dyes (trichromatic): Reactive Bezactive Yellow (RBY), Reactive Bezactive Red (RBR), and Reactive Bezactive Blue (RBB).

Methods: The structural, i.e., morphological surface properties of the synthesized photocatalysts were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared, X-ray diffraction, UV-Visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, and Scanning Electron Microscopy.

X-ray diffraction shows that TiO2 has a tetragonal structure with an anatase form. The effects of some operational parameters, such as the amount of TiO2 and ZnO, initial dye concentration, dye mixtures, and pH, were examined. The progress of photodegradation reaction was monitored by UV-Visible spectroscopy for decolorization and by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography for degradation, and the efficiency of degradation was confirmed by Chemical Oxygen Demand measurement.

Results: The dye degradation was found to be better in the presence of solar irradiation than under UV irradiation. The photocatalytic activity of ZnO was higher than TiO2 when used in its optimal conditions.

Conclusion: The percentage of degradation of each dye is different, and the order of degradation of the three reactive dyes is as follows: RBY> RBR> RBB.

Keywords: Synthesis nanoparticles, comparison, photocatalytic, trichromatic dye, UV irradiation, solar irradiation.

[1]
Fard RF, Sar MEK, Fahiminia M, et al. Efficiency of multi walled carbon nanotubes for removing Direct Blue 71 from aqueous solutions. J Anal Chem 2018; 13(3): 1.
[2]
Oladipo AA, Gazi M, Yilmaz E. Single and binary adsorption of azo and anthraquinone dyes by chitosan-based hydrogel: selectivity factor and Box-Behnken process design. Chem Eng Res Des 2015; 104: 264-79.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cherd.2015.08.018]
[3]
Hassaan MA, El Nemr A. Health and environmental impacts of dyes: mini review. Am J Enviro Sci Eng 2017; 1(3): 64-7.
[4]
Aliouche S, Djebbar K, Zouaghi R, Sehili T. Hotocatalytic degradation of yellow alizarin azo dye in the presence oftion suspension. Sci Tech A Sci Exactes 2014; 23-30.
[5]
Chekir N, Tassalit D, Benhabiles O, et al. A comparative study of tartrazine degradation using UV and solar fixed bed reactors. Int J Hydrogen Energy 2017; 42(13): 8948-54.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.11.057]
[6]
Huda A, Mahendra IP, Ichwani R, et al. High efficient visible-light activated photocatalytic semiconductor SnO2/Sn3O4 heterostructure in direct blue 71 (DB71) degradation. Rasayan J Chem 2019; 12: 308-18.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.31788/RJC.2019.1215084]
[7]
Saien J, Soleymani A. Comparative investigations on nano and micro titania photocatalysts in degradation and mineralization: use of turbidity in kinetic studies. J Indian Chem Soc 2009; 6(3): 602-11.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF03246540]
[8]
Gupta VK, Jain R, Nayak A, Agarwal S, Shrivastava M. Removal of the hazardous dye—tartrazine by photodegradation on titanium dioxide surface. Mater Sci Eng C 2011; 31(5): 1062-7.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2011.03.006]
[9]
Wawrzyniak B, Morawski AW. Solar-light-induced photocatalytic decomposition of two azo dyes on new TiO2 photocatalyst containing nitrogen. Appl Catal B 2006; 62(1-2): 150-8.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2005.07.008]
[10]
Hernández S, Hidalgo D, Sacco A, et al. Comparison of photocatalytic and transport properties of TiO2 and ZnO nanostructures for solar-driven water splitting. Phys Chem Chem Phys 2015; 17(12): 7775-86.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C4CP05857G]
[11]
Vijayalakshmi R, Rajendran V. Synthesis and characterization of nano-TiO2 via different methods. Arch Appl Sci Res 2012; 4(2): 1183-90.
[12]
Savi B, Rodrigues L, Uggioni E, Bernardin A. Obtenção de nanopartículas de ZnO a partir de processamento sol-gel https://abceram.org.br/wpcontent/uploads/area_associado/55/PDF/02-069.pdf
[13]
Nath MR, Ahmed AN, Gafur MA, Miah MY, Bhattacharjee S. ZnO nanoparticles preparation from spent zinc–carbon dry cell batteries: studies on structural, morphological and optical properties. J Ceram Soc 2018; 6(3): 262-70.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21870764.2018.1507610]
[14]
Loghambal S, Catherine AA, Subash SV. Analysis of Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetics model for photocatalytic degradation of aqueous direct blue 71 through analytical expression. Front Chem 2018; 55: 7.
[15]
Ba-Abbad MM, Kadhum AAH, Mohamad AB, Takriff MS, Sopian K. Synthesis and catalytic activity of TiO2 nanoparticles for photochemical oxidation of concentrated chlorophenols under direct solar radiation. Int J Electrochem Sci 2012; 7(6): 4871-88.
[16]
Sharfudeen BFJM, Latheef AFA, Ambrose RV. Synthesis and characterization of TiO2 nanoparticles and investigation of antimicrobial activities against human pathogens. J Pharm Sci Res 2017; 9(9): 1604.
[17]
Srivastava V, Gusain D, Sharma YC. Synthesis, characterization and application of zinc oxide nanoparticles (n-ZnO). Ceram Int 2013; 39(8): 9803-8.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2013.04.110]
[18]
Miri A, Mahdinejad N, Ebrahimy O, Khatami M, Sarani M. Zinc oxide nanoparticles: Biosynthesis, characterization, antifungal and cytotoxic activity. Mater Sci Eng C 2019; 104: 109981.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2019.109981] [PMID: 31500056]
[19]
Sakthivel S, Neppolian B, Shankar M, Arabindoo B, Palanichamy M, Murugesan V. Solar photocatalytic degradation of azo dye: comparison of photocatalytic efficiency of ZnO and TiO2. Sol Energy Mater Sol Cells 2003; 77(1): 65-82.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0927-0248(02)00255-6]
[20]
Chakrabarti S, Dutta BK. Photocatalytic degradation of model textile dyes in wastewater using ZnO as semiconductor catalyst. J Hazard Mater 2004; 112(3): 269-78.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2004.05.013] [PMID: 15302448]
[21]
Huang M, Xu C, Wu Z, Huang Y, Lin J, Wu J. Photocatalytic discolorization of methyl orange solution by Pt modified TiO2 loaded on natural zeolite. Dyes Pigments 2008; 77(2): 327-34.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dyepig.2007.01.026]
[22]
Azad K, Gajanan P. Photodegradation of methyl orange in aqueous solution by the visible light active Co: La: TiO2 nanocomposite. Chem Sci J 2017; 8(8): 164.
[23]
Philippopoulos C, Nikolaki M. Photocatalytic processes on the oxidation of organic compounds in water. New trends in technologies London IntechOpen 2010.
[24]
Regmi C, Joshi B, Ray SK, Gyawali G, Pandey RP. Understanding mechanism of photocatalytic microbial decontamination of environmental wastewater. Front Chem 2018; 6: 33.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2018.00033] [PMID: 29541632]
[25]
Rauf M, Ashraf SS. Fundamental principles and application of heterogeneous photocatalytic degradation of dyes in solution. Chem Eng J 2009; 151(1-3): 10-8.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2009.02.026]
[26]
Fernández‐Castro P, Vallejo M, San Román MF, Ortiz I. Insight on the fundamentals of advanced oxidation processes. Role and review of the determination methods of reactive oxygen species. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 2015; 90(5): 796-820.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jctb.4634]
[27]
Alrobayi EM, Algubili AM, Aljeboree AM, Alkaim AF, Hussein FH. Investigation of photocatalytic removal and photonic efficiency of maxilon blue dye GRL in the presence of TiO2 nanoparticles. Particul Sci Technol 2017; 35(1): 14-20.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02726351.2015.1120836]
[28]
Gümüş D, Akbal F. Photocatalytic degradation of textile dye and wastewater. Water Air Soil Pollut 2011; 216(1-4): 117-24.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11270-010-0520-z]
[29]
Mahadwad OK, Jasra RV, Parikh PA, Tayade RJ. Photocatalytic degradation of textile dyes. J Environ Sci Eng 2010; 52(3): 181-4.
[PMID: 21391388]
[30]
Kanagaraj T, Thiripuranthagan S. Photocatalytic activities of novel SrTiO3–BiOBr heterojunction catalysts towards the degradation of reactive dyes. Appl Catal B 2017; 207: 218-32.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2017.01.084]
[31]
Vafaee M, Olya M, Drean J-Y, Hekmati A. Synthesize, characterization and application of ZnO/W/Ag as a new nanophotocatalyst for dye removal of textile wastewater; kinetic and economic studies. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 2017; 80: 379-90.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2017.07.025]
[32]
Soutsas K, Karayannis V, Poulios I, et al. Decolorization and degradation of reactive azo dyes via heterogeneous photocatalytic processes. Desalination 2010; 250(1): 345-50.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2009.09.054]
[33]
Kaur J, Sharma M, Pandey O. Synthesis, characterization, photocatalytic and reusability studies of capped ZnS nanoparticles. Bull Mater Sci 2014; 37(4): 931-40.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12034-014-0028-z]


Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

VOLUME: 5
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2020
Page: [252 - 268]
Pages: 17
DOI: 10.2174/2405461505999201014085242
Price: $65

Article Metrics

PDF: 9
HTML: 2
EPUB: 1
PRC: 1