Phyto-Nano-Antimicrobials: Synthesis, Characterization, Discovery, and Advances
Pp. 196-231 (36)
Pankaj Satapathy, S. Aishwarya, M. Rashmi Shetty, N. Akshaya Simha, G. Dhanapal, R. Aishwarya Shree, Antara Biswas, K. Kounaina, Anirudh G. Patil, M.G. Avinash, Aishwarya T. Devi, Shubha Gopal, M.N. Nagendra Prasad, S.M. Veena, S.P. Hudeda, K. Muthuchelian, Sunil S. More, Govindappa Melappa and Farhan Zameer
Nanotechnology has brought a revolution to the world of science and
medicine. With time, the dependency on nanotechnological advancement is increasing.
Synthesis of nano-scale modulators is a significant domain of focus that employs crude
formulations, retro-synthesized, and pure chemicals, mostly from herbal sources with
lesser side effects. However, all these methods suffer from drawbacks and limitations.
For an eco-friendly nanoparticle synthesis, green chemistry has evolved with a
tangential approach for the synthesis of metals (Au, Ag) and metal oxides (ZnO, CuO,
TiO). Green synthesis uses plant extracts (leaves, stem, shoot) and microbes (bacteria,
fungi, yeast) as reducing intermediate for the production of nanoparticles.
The advantage of these extracts lies within the phenolic constitutes of aldehydes,
ketones, proteins, and other biomolecules that implicate the reduction of the
These green synthesized nanoparticles have high efficacy ranging from anti-bacterial,
anti-fungal, and wide applications in medicine. In this chapter, we discuss the methods
of green synthesis, their applications, and prospects. The current chapter will pave the
way for future applications and better means for the synthesis of nanoparticles leading
into a newer direction with varied recognition in nano-life sciences.
Antibacterial, Antifungal, Gold, Green Synthesis, Metal oxides,
Metal, Nanomaterials, Nanoparticles, Particle diameter, Particle size, Quantum
School of Basic and Applied Sciences, Department of Biological Sciences, Dayananda Sagar University, Shavige Malleshwara Hills, Kumaraswamy Layout, Bengaluru - 560 111, Karnataka, India.