General and Local Anesthetic Agents
Pp. 300-320 (21)
Carolyn J. Friel
This chapter is a comprehensive account of the medicinal chemistry of
general and local anesthetic drugs. It provides the mechanism of drug action and details
about structure-activity relationships of these drugs for pharmacists. After the study of
this chapter, students will be able to:
• Select appropriate intravenous general anesthetic therapy based on patient-specific
contraindications regarding cardiac and septic status.
• Evaluate inhaled general anesthetics about therapeutic regimens based on individual
patient characteristics and medical procedures.
• Compare and contrast the potency, onset of action, and recovery time of the inhaled
anesthetic based on MAC, blood: gas partition coefficients and oil:gas partition
• Identify chemical metabolites of the inhaled anesthetics that increase the risk of
nephron and hepatotoxicity.
• Identify the chemical classification to which a local anesthetic belongs based on drug
• Select an appropriate local anesthetic for a patient with a specific allergy to PABA.
• Communicate the chemical rationale for local anesthetic buffering to health
Drug-Receptor Interaction, General Anesthetics, Injectable
Anesthetics, Inhaled Anesthetics, Local Anesthetics, Structure-Activity
Relationship, The Clinical Use of Anesthetic Drugs.
School of Pharmacy, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Worcester, MA, USA.