Phenothiazines and Related Antipsychotic Drugs
Pp. 109-162 (54)
Mamoon Rashid, Mehbuba Rahman and M. O. Faruk Khan
This chapter is a comprehensive account of the medicinal chemistry of
antipsychotic drugs. It provides the mechanism of drug action and detail structureactivity
relationships of the first- and second-generation antipsychotic and related drugs
to give the knowledge base for pharmacists. Upon completion of this chapter, students
will be able to:
• Describe the historical background about the development of antipsychotic
• Apply the principles of fundamental pathophysiology of schizophrenia and other
psychotic disorders and receptors associated with it to their pharmacological action.
• Recognize the dopamine and its chemical analogues and identify the essential
structural features to become an antipsychotic agent.
• Differentiate between the positive and negative symptoms and extrapyramidal side
effects and distinguish between the typical and atypical classes of antipsychotics.
• Apply the principles of structure-activity relationships to the antipsychotic drugs.
• Delineate the clinical significance of all classes of antipsychotic drugs and their
• Identify the therapeutic use, side effects and metabolic pathways of selected first- and
second-generation antipsychotic agents.
Antipsychotic Drugs, Antianxiety Drugs, Drug-Receptor Interaction,
Dopamine, First-Generation Antipsychotics, Structure-Activity Relationship,
Second-Generation Antipsychotics, Typical And Atypical Antipsychotic Agents.
School of Pharmacy, University of Charleston, Charleston, WV 25304, USA.