Pp. 146-159 (14)
A. Bharath Kumar and M.S. Umashankar
The heart conduction and contraction provide the driving force for the
pumping of blood to the heart. The abnormalities in the conduction properties of the
heart can lead to arrhythmias. The action potential helps the opening and closing of the
ion channels that cause conduction of the cardiac muscles. Atrial fibrillation is most
commonly occurs in the cardiac arrhythmia. The arrhythmia prevalence has an
incidence of 1%, it is an aging dependent factor and the incidence was raise to ≥2.5-
fold by the year 2050. Elderly patients the progression of the atrial flutter is related to
cardiac disorders. The clinical symptoms of atrial flutter include anxiety, palpitations,
dizziness, headache, irregular heartbeat that can impair the quality of life of the
patients. The defects in cardiac rhythm are associated with a significant rise in health
care cost and also mortality among the affected population. Ventricular arrhythmias are
causing about 75% to 80% of the cardiac deaths annually in the world. The ECG
devices, echocardiogram, doppler studies, stress test, holter monitoring test are used to
identify the risk of developing cardiac arrhythmias among arrhythmias patients.
Currently, one third of the patient’s exhibit an absence of arrhythmia symptoms and
patients were not aware of abnormal heart rhythm. Therefore timely detection of
clinical symptoms and prescribing better therapeutic approaches may improve the
quality of the patients.
Abnormal Heart Rhythm, Arrhythmias Palpitations, Atrial
Fibrillation, Irregular Heartbeat.
Department of Pharmacy Practice SRM College of Pharmacy SRM IST, Kattankulathur 603203 Tamil Nadu, India.