Impact of COVID-19 on Mental Dimension of Health: A Sensitive Issue to be Addressed at the Earliest

Author(s): Sunil Nepal, Sudip Nepal, Chakrakodi S. Shastry, Sharad Chand*, U.P. Nandakumar, Bishnu Dev Pant, Pukar Khanal, Kala Bahadur Rawal

Journal Name: Current Psychiatry Research and Reviews
Formerly Current Psychiatry Reviews

Volume 16 , Issue 3 , 2020


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Abstract:

Background: The novel coronavirus disease outbreak of 2019 was declared as a public health emergency by the World Health Organization. At present, the virus has spread throughout the world, leading to millions of cases and is further increasing.

Objective: The main objective of this study is to review the impact of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) on the mental health of frontline workers, isolated and quarantined people and the general population.

Methods: The relevant articles were extracted from PubMed, Web of Science and ScienceDirect database by using the keywords “Mental health”, “COVID-19”, “Impact of COVID-19”, “Frontline workers”, “Quarantine”, “Isolation”, “Immunity” and “Economy”. The retrieved articles were included in the study based on inclusion criteria to perform the review. All the selected scientific articles were critically reviewed and the information is summarized in this narrative review.

Results: The majority of the studies stated that frontline health workers were at an increased risk of depression. The infected, suspects and quarantined people were reported with high stress, posttraumatic stress disorder, and suicidal thoughts. The pandemic has devastated the world’s economy, which has severely impacted global mental health.

Conclusion: Mental health should be taken into account, and necessary interventional initiatives need to be considered both by the health authorities and the government to minimize the adversity of the consequences. The pandemic may disappear with the discovery of new vaccines or medications, but its negative impact on mental health may persist, particularly among vulnerable populations. Thus, mental health must be a matter of concern in the present scenario.

Keywords: Anxiety, COVID-19, depression, fear, isolation, quarantine, patient education, stress.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2020
Page: [158 - 166]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/2666082216999200918162639
Price: $65

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