Background: The novel coronavirus disease outbreak of 2019 was declared as a public
health emergency by the World Health Organization. At present, the virus has spread throughout the
world, leading to millions of cases and is further increasing.
Objective: The main objective of this study is to review the impact of Corona Virus Disease 2019
(COVID-19) on the mental health of frontline workers, isolated and quarantined people and the
Methods: The relevant articles were extracted from PubMed, Web of Science and ScienceDirect
database by using the keywords “Mental health”, “COVID-19”, “Impact of COVID-19”, “Frontline
workers”, “Quarantine”, “Isolation”, “Immunity” and “Economy”. The retrieved articles were included
in the study based on inclusion criteria to perform the review. All the selected scientific articles
were critically reviewed and the information is summarized in this narrative review.
Results: The majority of the studies stated that frontline health workers were at an increased risk of
depression. The infected, suspects and quarantined people were reported with high stress, posttraumatic
stress disorder, and suicidal thoughts. The pandemic has devastated the world’s economy,
which has severely impacted global mental health.
Conclusion: Mental health should be taken into account, and necessary interventional initiatives
need to be considered both by the health authorities and the government to minimize the adversity
of the consequences. The pandemic may disappear with the discovery of new vaccines or medications,
but its negative impact on mental health may persist, particularly among vulnerable populations.
Thus, mental health must be a matter of concern in the present scenario.