A Roadmap for the Chalcogenide-graphene Composites Formation Under a Glassy Regime

Author(s): Abhay Kumar Singh*, Tien-Chien Jen

Journal Name: Current Graphene Science (Discontinued)

Volume 3 , Issue 1 , 2020


Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Nano-composite is an innovative material having nano in which fillers dispersed in a matrix. Typ-ically, the structure is a matrix- filler combination, where the fillers like particles, fibers, or fragments are surrounded and bound together as discrete units by the matrix. The term nano-composite encompasses a wide range of materials right from three dimensional metal matrix composites to two dimensional lamellar composites. Therefore, the physical, chemical and biological properties of nano materials differ from the properties of individual atoms and molecules or bulk matter. The chalcogenide – graphene composites in glassy regime is the growing novel research topic in the area of composite material science. It is obvious to interpret such materials different physicochemical mechanism.

Objective: The key objective of this research work to explore the internal physicochemical mechanism of the chalcogenide – graphene composites under the glassy regime. Including the prime chalcogen alloying element selenium amorphous atomic structure and their fullerene like bonding nature. By accommodating the essential properties of the stacked layers of bilayer graphene. The diffusion, compression and dispersion of the bilayer graphene in selenium rich ternary (X(1-x-y)-Y(x)- Z(y) + GF (bilayer graphene); X = Se, Y = Semimetal or metalloid, Z = None metal) alloys under the complex regime on and after thermal melting process are addressed.

Materials and Methods: To synthesize the composite materials the well-known melt quenched method had adopted. More-over, to interpret the amorphous selenium (Se8) chains and rings molecular structures we had used vista software with an available CIF data file. While to show the armchair and zig-zag bonds with bilayer graphene structure the nanotube modeler simulation software has used.

Results: Outcomes of this study reveals the chalcogenide -graphene nano composite formation under a glassy regime changes the individual materials structural and other physical properties that is reflecting in different experimental evi-dences, therefore, the modified theoretical concepts for the different properties of such composite materials are interpreted in this study.

Discussion: The dispersion and diffusion of the high stiff graphene bonds in low dimension chalcogen rich alloys has been interpreted based on their quadric thermal expansion behaviour. In addition to this, a possible bond angle modification in the formation of X(1-x-y)-Y(x)- Z(y) + GF composites are also addressed. To interpret the distinct optical property behavior of the formed X(1-x-y)-Y(x)- Z(y) + GF composites and parent chalcogenide glassy alloys a schematic model of the energy levels is also addressed.

Conclusion: To make a better understating on the formation mechanism such composites, the diffusion and deformation of high stiff graphene σ and π bonds in a low dimension chalcogenide alloy basic mechanism are discussed on basis of novel “thermonic energy tunneling effect” concept, which could result in quadratic thermal expansion of graphene. Moreover, the structural unit modifications of such composite materials are described in terms of their bond angle modifications and in-fluence of the coordination defects. The energy levels suppression and creation of addition sub energy levels in such com-posite materials are discussed by adopting the viewpoint impact of the foreign alloying elements and surface π-plasmonic resonance between the graphene layers in the honeycomb band structure. Thus, this study has described various basic aspects of the chalcogenide system – bilayer graphene composites formation under a glassy regime.

Keywords: Composites, X(1-x-y)-Y(x)- Z(y) + GF systems, physicochemical property, quadric thermal expansion, energy levels.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 3
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2020
Published on: 28 December, 2020
Page: [49 - 55]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/2452273204999200918154642
Price: $65

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