Background: Despite the global importance of work-family issues and the many calls for
studies within distinct cultural contexts; work-family research has mainly been conducted in Anglo
societies, and Western countries.
Objective: The present study was designed to explore the factors which determine the work-family
conflict through personal information, including, but not limited to the lived experiences and perspectives
of Iranian women who are both employed and married.
Methods: A qualitative approach was chosen, which would allow for an in-depth and rich exploration
of the experiences, perceptions, and feelings of participants. Data were obtained from 29 participants
, in-depth individual interviews with 17 participants and two focus groups. Each focus
group discussion included 6 participants.
Results: Six main categories emerged from the data analysis: the value of work and family,
hegemonic masculinity, non-supportive environment, job stress, overloading family, and inadequacy
of individual ability and skills.
Conclusion: Based on the data obtained from participants, sociocultural factors play an important
role in the creation of work-family conflict.