Pregnancy-related complications can have long-term effects on mothers and fetus/child.
Microbiome within the human gut is an important factor in maintaining optimum health during
pregnancy and possibly reduces the incidence of these complications. Probiotics are active living
microorganisms that can provide the host with health benefits such as; immune and hormonal regulatory
and metabolic benefits when administered in adequate and optimum dose. Probiotic supplementations
also regulate an abnormal and unbalanced microflora population that can control the
pathogenesis of several diseases like obesity and diabetes. Probiotics also play a protective role in
complications like preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus and maternal weight gain and enhance
successful outcomes of reproduction. This mini-review summarizes the maternal and fetal
effects of probiotics during pregnancy.
Keywords: Probiotics, microbiomes, pregnancy, pregnancy complications, microbiome, maternal and fetal.
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