As compared with widely used polyolefin materials, aliphatic polyesters have
been primarily used in electronics, packaging, and biomedicine owing to its unique biocompatibility
and degradability. At present, ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of lactone is the
main method to synthesize polyesters. Two types of catalysts, including metal-based catalysts
and organocatalysts, were most researched today. However, metal-based catalysts lead
to polymer materials with metal residues, which limits its properties and applications. As a
result, organocatalysts have received great attention. In this review, the progress of organocatalytic
ring-opening polymerization in the past decades was systematically summarized.
The potential challenges and development directions in this field are also discussed.