Aim and Objective: Production of light olefins from methanol was studied over SAPO-34 molecular sieves exploring the effect of mono and dual templates. Herein, the single templates of TEA, morpholine and mixed template of
TEA/morpholine (equal molar ratio of TEA and morpholine) were used to synthesize SAPO-34 catalysts.
Materials and Methods: The prepared samples were prepared via hydrothermal synthesis method and characterized with
XRD, FESEM, PSD, EDX, BET and FTIR techniques.
Results: It was found that the crystallinity decreased upon applying TEA as template and also it can be noted that the intensity of the SAPO-34 phase peaks increased by increasing the morpholine in template mixture. Production of much smoother
particles for the catalyst synthesized with binary template mixture of TEA/morpholine can be depended on the crystallinity
increase. Si incorporation value was decreased for the catalyst with a major phase of SAPO-5 (topological structure of AFI).
It is indicative that the TEA application would facilitate the formation of AFI structure which is incapable of the incorporating higher amounts of Si in to the crystallite framework.
Conclusion: The nature of the template determines the morphology of final product due to different rate of crystal growth
obtained in accordance with XRD and FESEM results. Therefore, the catalyst synthesized with TEA/morpholine mixture
shows the best performance among synthesized samples in terms of life time in the MTO process sustaining light olefins selectivity at higher values (about 90% after 630 min TOS).