Brucellosis: Undulant Fever, Malta Fever, Gibraltar Fever or Bang’s Disease
Pp. 166-170 (5)
Muhammad Imran Qadir,
Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by the species of bacteria
Brucella. Animals are the primary host for bacteria; they are transferred from animals
to humans (secondary host) by eating undercooked meat and unpasteurized dairy
products. The symptom for brucellosis varies from mild like simple flu, fever,
headache to acute like tissue and dysfunction of organs. Due to its complicated
symptoms, the diagnosis of brucellosis is difficult but blood and bone marrow samples
are still used for its diagnosis. Different techniques like culturing, molecular methods,
and serological tests are used for its diagnosis. Antibiotics are used to prevent relapses
and to minimize their symptoms. Antibiotics alone or the combination of two are used
for the treatment of brucellosis. Other precautionary measures like safety and hygienic
conditions should be considered to prevent disease.
Antibiotics, Brucella, Culturing & Molecular Techniques,
Polymorphonuclear Cells, Lymph Nodes.