Scarlet Fever: An Infection Symptomized by Red Rash All Over the Body with High Fever
Pp. 143-146 (4)
Muhammad Imran Qadir,
Iqra Ali Yameen
Scarlet fever is a bacterial disease caused by the streptococcus family.
streptococcus pyogenes is an infectious agent in this disease. This bacteria produces
streptococcal pyrogenic endotoxins SPEs that causes a red rash and high fever.
Common symptoms seen in patients suffering from scarlet fever are swollen tonsils,
high fever, red folding in arms, and elbows. Scarlet fever mostly occurs in children and
sometimes it also affects adults. In past decades, the mortality rate due to scarlet fever
was 10-25 percent but now it is reduced to 1% due to antibiotics. Diagnosis against
scarlet fever is done by different methods like throat swab specimen detection and
antigen screening method. For the treatment of scarlet fever, no vaccines are present.
Antibiotics and hygienic lifestyle are recommended to lower the severity of scarlet
Antibiotics, Endotoxins, High Fever, Scarlet Fever, streptococcus