Bacterial Diseases

Bacterial Diseases

Bacterial Diseases provides readers an overview of a broad variety of bacterial infections. Chapters cover the description of specific disease and its causative agent, followed by information about ...
[view complete introduction]

US $
15

*(Excluding Mailing and Handling)



Q Fever: A Coxiella Burnetii Infection

Pp. 98-102 (5)

DOI: 10.2174/9789811473760120010025

Author(s): Muhammad Imran Qadir, Adeela Awan

Abstract

Q fever is a worldwide disease caused by a bacterium Coxiella burnetti. The C. burnetii is found in goats, sheep, and cows. A higher risk of Q fever is observed in farmers and veterinarians. Acute and chronic diseases are two forms of Q fever. The symptoms of an acute form of Q fever are illness, headache, myalgia, chills, fatigue, sweats, pneumonia, hepatitis, while endocarditis is the most lethal type of chronic form of Q fever. Nucleic acid testing and serological methods are the methods used to diagnose Q fever. In the case of acute disease, an antibiotic Doxycycline (100 mg) is recommended twice a day for its treatment while for endocarditis a combination of doxycycline and hydroxychloroquine or a combination of doxycycline plus a fluoroquinolone (FQ) may be prescribed.

Keywords:

Acute and Chronic, Coxiella burnetii, Doxycycline, Fluoroquinolones and Endocarditis, Hydroxychloroquine.