The Effect of Counseling on Stress in Infertile Women Admitted to an Infertility Center in Hamadan City, Iran

Author(s): Batul Khodakarami, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi*, Arezoo Shayan, Hasan Ahmadnia, Fatemeh Dastgerdian, Sogra Rabiei

Journal Name: Current Psychiatry Research and Reviews
Formerly Current Psychiatry Reviews

Volume 16 , Issue 3 , 2020

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Abstract:

Background: Infertility can result in many problems for couples. In most cases, the stress and anxiety of treating infertility can reduce fertility and affect marital disputes. The provision of counseling and informing can reduce stress and improve couples’ relationships and positively influence infertility treatment in many cases. The present study, therefore, was conducted to evaluate the effect of counseling on the stress of infertile women admitted to an infertility center in Hamadan City, Iran.

Methods: The present study was performed as a two-group randomized clinical trial with two pretest and posttest stages on 104 eligible women admitted to Fatemieh Hospital in Hamadan during 2017-18. Members of the intervention group received group counseling with a cognitive-behavioral approach to stress reduction in four 1-h sessions during the 4 weeks. Data were obtained using demographic characteristics and Harry’s Stress Assessment questionnaires. Data were analyzed using SPSS 21 software, paired and independent t-test, and analysis of covariance at a significance level of < 0.05.

Results: Mean stress scores were 181.82 ± 15.9 and 189.11 ± 2.1 in the pre-intervention stage, and 174.6 ± 29.6 and in the test group 78.10 ± 1.3 in the post-intervention phase in the test and control groups, respectively. High-stress levels were observed in both groups before the intervention. Independent t-test revealed that mean stress scores were significantly different in the two groups at both pre- and post-intervention stages (P < 0.05). The paired t-test indicated a significantly reduced stress score in the intervention group (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Stress management counseling in infertile women can play a positive and effective role in stress mitigation and promotion of their mental health. Therefore, the effect of this counseling can be more reliably emphasized on improving the effectiveness of infertility treatment.

Keywords: Counseling, stress management, infertile women, counseling, stress, management, infertility, women, Iran.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2020
Published on: 11 January, 2021
Page: [220 - 226]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/2666082216999200905134548
Price: $65

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