The coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) is a pathogenic and transmittable viral disease
caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and this disease emerged in
December 2019 in Wuhan, China. It was later spread across the world, including the United States,
Great Britain, Brazil, Russia, Germany, Spain, Italy, Iran, Pakistan, India and other countries. The whole
genome of SARS-CoV-2 shared some similarity with the SARS virus, hence bat was a suspected source
of the spread of this virus in China. However, human to human transfer was reported. In India, more
than 300 COVID-19 cases were reported on March 21, 2020, and these numbers were increased as
892551 on July 13, 2020. These numbers of COVID-19 cases were detected from a total of 11806256
samples according to the report given by the Government of India. On July 13, Maharashtra state of India
recorded a total of 254427 cases and 10289 deaths were registered. Tamilnadu was another state that
screened more number of COVID-19 cases, followed by Maharashtra. On July 6, 114978 COVID-19
cases were reported in Tamilnadu and 1571 deaths were recorded. In Tamilnadu alone, over 3000
COVID-19 cases were reported daily from July first week to the second week and total cases were
142798 on July 13, 2020. Among these cases, 78573 COVID-19 cases were detected in Chennai city
alone accounted for about 62% of total COVID-19 cases. It was earlier believed that patients over aged
60 and less than 10 were highly vulnerable to this disease. However, this disease affected all age groups.
To prevent COVID-19, no approved antiviral vaccine or drug has yet been discovered. COVID-19 is
transmitted through droplets during coughing and sneezing by symptomatic and asymptomatic carriers.
Non-pharmaceutical interventions such as washing hands and social distancing are effective measures to
control COVID-19 transmission in India. The present study was designed to analyze the control measures
of COVID-19 infection and ground reality to control the COVID-19 outbreak.