Should Percutaneous Coronary Intervention be the Standard Treatment Strategy for Significant Coronary Artery Disease in all Octogenarians?

Author(s): George Kassimis*, Grigoris V. Karamasis, Athanasios Katsikis, Joanna Abramik, Nestoras Kontogiannis, Matthaios Didagelos, Dimitrios Petroglou, Christodoulos E. Papadopoulos, Leonidas Poulimenos, Vassilios Vassilikos, Ioannis Kanonidis, Tushar Raina, Antonios Ziakas

Journal Name: Current Cardiology Reviews

Volume 17 , Issue 3 , 2021


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Abstract:

Coronary artery disease (CAD) remains the leading cause of cardiovascular death in octogenarians. This group of patients represents nearly a fifth of all patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in real-world practice. Octogenarians have multiple risk factors for CAD and often greater myocardial ischemia than younger counterparts, with a potential of an increased benefit from myocardial revascularization. Despite this, octogenarians are routinely under- -treated and belittled in clinical trials. Age does make a difference to PCI outcomes in older people, but it is never the sole arbiter of any clinical decision, whether in relation to the heart or any other aspect of health. The decision when to perform revascularization in elderly patients and especially in octogenarians is complex and should consider the patient on an individual basis, with clarification of the goals of the therapy and the relative risks and benefits of performing the procedure. In ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI), there is no upper age limit regarding urgent reperfusion and primary PCI must be the standard of care. In non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes, a strict conservative strategy must be avoided; whereas the use of a routine invasive strategy may reduce the occurrence of MI and the need for revascularization at follow-up, with no established benefit in terms of mortality. In stable CAD patients, invasive therapy on top of optimal medical therapy seems better in symptom relief and quality of life. This review summarizes the available data on percutaneous revascularization in the elderly patients and particularly in octogenarians, including practical considerations on PCI risk secondary to ageing physiology. We also analyse technical difficulties met when considering PCI in this cohort and the ongoing need for further studies to ameliorate risk stratification and eventually outcomes in these challenging patients.

Keywords: Octogenarians, acute coronary syndromes, chronic coronary syndromes, percutaneous coronary intervention, frailty, quality of life.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2021
Published on: 03 September, 2020
Page: [244 - 259]
Pages: 16
DOI: 10.2174/1573403X16666200903153823
Price: $65

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